【日 時】2014年10月6日(月) 16:00-18:00


【場 所】





Revisiting Development Discourse in Nepal:
Turbulent Textile and Garment Industry as a Case Study

 Mallika Shakya
Assistant Professor
South Asian University, New Delhi

SYNOPSIS: The end of the cold war was the beginning of a new era in
South Asia. New political regimes dramatically displaced the old,
while the new rhetoric of economic globalism and development
overshadowed the earlier notions of national capitalism. I make sense
of this paradigm shift through the everyday production and trade of
textile and garments between Nepal and the United States. This
industry in Nepal enjoyed a remarkable rise at the tail end of the
cold war (1970s-1990s) but faced an abrupt end after 2001, bringing
with it unprecedented consequences for the businessmen and workers
involved. Based on my ethnographic fieldwork on the garment shop
floors and trade union offices in Kathmandu, as well as my engagement
with policymakers in Washington DC who regulated this industry
globally, I suggest that the global politics of trade is turning Nepal
into a new economic frontier of the post-cold-war era.

Contact: Tatsuro Fujikura, Department of South Asia and Indian Ocean
Studies, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies (ASAFAS),
Kyoto University <fujikuraATasafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp>

This seminar is co-organized by South Asia and Indian Ocean Study
Group, INDAS International Seminar, and Asia Leadership Fellow Program


ネパールでは1970年代半ばにMulti-Fiber Agreement(MFA)によって衣料生産が国の主要な輸出産業となったが、MFAが2004年に失効すると、壊滅状態になり、約10万人が失業した。発表者は、衣料産業におけるMass生産者とNiche生産者の区別の重要性を述べた上で、冷戦の終結と新自由主義の席巻、2006年以降の都市部におけるマオイストによる労働組合運動の台頭や民族運動の興隆と関連づけながら事例の分析を行なった。発表後の質疑応答では、マオイストの経済政策や、革命運動と革命後のガバナンスの問題などについて議論が行なわれた。