(Co-hosted by TAOYAKA Program Seminar, Hiroshima University)
【Date and Time】March 2(Sat.), 2019 13:30～16:50
【Venue】B253, 2F, Graduate School of Letters, Hiroshima University (Higashi Hiroshima Campus）
R. B. Singh (University of Delhi)
“Inclusive and Sustainable Cities Towards Promoting Urban Health and Wellbeing : Case of Delhi”
India is a fast urbanising country with 377 million and persons living in cities amounting to about 31 per cent of total population of India. Cities provide 80 per cent of the economic base. India with more than 7 per cent growth rate is among the fastest growing economies of the world but still has the lowest per capita income due to widespread poverty, unemployment, regional disparities together with problems related to environmental health. Highest percentage of urban population in India is in Delhi (93.01 per cent). The rapid urbanization also generates significant environmental footprints, including contamination of air and water, as well as approximately 75 per cent of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Delhi experiences high rate of urbanization with 1.4 million populations in year 1951 to 16.75 million in 2011. Phenomenal rise in the population of Delhi in the recent past is largely due to migration from rural India. Challenges of urbanization in Delhi includes :Unplanned haphazard rapid growth, high cost of housing, pressure on infrastructures, concretization and associated microclimatic changes, slums and homelessness, traffic congestion, air pollution, solid waste generation and non-communicable diseases. The urban atmospheric environment of Delhi is deteriorating due to rise in air pollution. These are a menace to human health and wellbeing including physical, social and mental wellbeing. The annual temporal analysis of SPM and RSPM suggest upward trend. The concentration of RPM and NO2 in the ambient air has been found to have violated the national standards and exceeded the NAAQS. Due to variations in temperature, rainfall and humidity levels, wind direction and other climatic factors, the levels of pollutant vary across the seasons. The inter-linkages between air pollution and human health in Delhi suggest that PM exerts maximum negative influence. As large population is residing in Delhi, rising health risks pose threat to inclusive and sustainable growth. Increasing health vulnerability of poor and worsening air quality are closely related to urban risks related diseases i.e., ARI, COPD, Influenza, UTRI, Bronchitis, Asthma, etc. and need special attention. The focus shall be on all the elements affecting physical, human health and wellbeing. There should be stringent implementation of the rules regarding the pollution norms of vehicles and industries (small, medium and large). Inclusive and sustainable urbanization should go hand in hand with health and wellbeing.
Subhash Anand（University of Delhi）
“Urban and Peri – Urban Agriculture in National Capital Region”
National Capital Region is dynamic region and the Central NCR is growing rapidly both demographically and economically resulting in degraded environment, changing land use pattern, cropping pattern and eventually affecting the food security of the region. Agriculture in urban and peri- urban area plays an important role in managing urban open spaces, provide employment and supply cheap food. The expansion and intensification of production has also improved the livelihoods of farmers. Urban agriculture has many benefits and constraints which are coming in the way of farmers practicing peri-urban agriculture in NCR. Increasing size of population is leading to the increase in the number of land holdings but decrease in their absolute size. Livelihood of about 1% of the total workers in Delhi depends upon urban agriculture as they are mainly growing vegetables and flowers fulfil the big part of horticulture basket in Delhi. The land use pattern of NCR region indicated the decreasing area of agriculture but production is increasing with use of advanced technology and agriculture inputs to get more production. Because of demands of organic products, very few farmers are also doing organic farming and selling their products at very high rate. It has been found that under degraded environmental conditions, urban agriculture has enormous potential to provide food and nutrition security to the urbanites.
【Contact】HINDAS Office hindas[at]hiroshima-u.ac.jp
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