Date and time:
September 7 (Tue.) 13:00-14:30 (JST) or 10:00-11:30 (BST)
“Enhancement of Drought Risk Management Policy and Actions Incorporating Farmer’s Adaptive Practices in Northwestern Bangladesh”
Presented by Dr. Umma HABIBA, Additional Deputy Director (Horticulture), Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE), Ministry of Agriculture, Bangladesh
Many people as well as the government in Bangladesh perceive floods and cyclones as recurrent environmental hazards in the country. However, drought in northwestern region of the country experiences the slow onset disaster regularly. It is gradually being reported more often in the Rajshahi, Chapai-Nawabganj, Naogaon, Rangpur, Bogra, Pabna, Dinajpur, and Kushtia districts because of its moisture retention capacity and infiltration rate characteristics. Moreover, this region is more prone to droughts because the area is relatively dry, receiving much lower rainfall than the rest of the country. Drought has a significant impact on agriculture and agricultural products of Bangladesh. It affects rice crops in the three cropping seasons– pre-kharif, kharif and rabi. It has reported that every year 0.45 million ha of land are affected by very severe drought during the rabi season, and 0.40 million hectares and 0.34 million hectares are affected during the pre-kharif and kharif seasons, respectively. With this contrast, a research has been carried out in two districts of northwestern part of Bangladesh namely Rajshahi and Chapai Nawabgonj. It assesses the drought resilience at institutional level through the development of drought resilience mapping named SIP (Social, Institutional and Physical) approach. Secondly, to increase farmer’s drought resilience, this study identifies existing drought adaptive practices at the community level. Based on SIP approach, the results show that socioeconomic aspect has the highest resilience than institutional and physical aspects because of practicing agronomic management as well as other income generating activities of farmers. On the other hand, a total of 60 drought adaptive practices come out from the farmer’s level in both irrigated and non-irrigated village in these two districts. For the effective utilization of drought adaptive practices into that area, it should be kept in mind that how farmer’s barriers can be synchronized with the policy and actions framework. Hence, the suggestions further emphasis on the consideration of emerging options that will strengthen drought risk management policy and actions in context of northwestern Bangladesh.