【KINDAS】Special Research Group 1st International Seminar “Re-tracing flows: explorations on infrastructure and the non-human in Asia”/KINDAS特別研究班第1回国際セミナー

【KINDAS】Special Research Group 1st International Seminar “Re-tracing flows: explorations on infrastructure and the non-human in Asia”/KINDAS特別研究班第1回国際セミナー

(共催:南アジア・インド洋世界研究会)

 

【日時】2019年5月21日(火)15:30~18:00
【場所】京都大学吉田キャンパス本部構内 総合研究2号館4階 AA447 大会議室
   (上記ページ地図中、34番の建物になります。今回は4階です。

 

【発表者】Dr. Annu Jalais (Assistant Professor, South Asian Studies Programme, National University of Singapore)
Dr. Yifei Li (Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, New York University Shanghai)
【題目】”The ‘Travelling Monk with Tiger’ paintings of Dunhuang Caves: Rethinking a Pan-Asian nonhuman”
“(Un)Charted Waters: Hydraulic Infrastructures in Zaanheh and Shanghai”
【言語】英語

 

要旨:

“The ‘Travelling Monk with Tiger’ paintings of Dunhuang Caves: Rethinking a Pan-Asian nonhuman”

The paintings of the ‘travelling monk with tiger’ found in the Dunhuang caves, China, believed to be from the Tang (618-907 AD) and Song (960-1279 AD) dynasties raise questions as to the symbolism of the tiger and its supposed relation to the spread of Buddhism to that part of the world. Through a keen study of the image of the tiger in pre-Buddhist times and the symbolism of the tiger in ancient China, this paper suggests that these Dunhuang paintings need to be understood in a more ‘cosmopolitan’ light. Blending anthropological studies on nonhumans with studies in history and art history, this paper suggests that the trope of the ‘travelling monk with tiger’ might have just as much to do with the arrival of Islam in the Tang dynasty than with the spread of Buddhism. But beyond this, the paper will also look at how the image of the tiger has been deployed in political contexts all through Asia, both in pre-modern as well as in modern times.

“(Un)Charted Waters: Hydraulic Infrastructures in Zaanheh and Shanghai”

Zaanheh, the romanization of contemporary Shanghai’s pronunciation in the local Wu dialect, is proposed as a heuristic device to help recover a glimpse of the complex historical contingencies that no longer exist. Zaanheh envelops a set of historically verifiable cultural practices, social relations, political institutions, ecological landscapes, and moral sentiments. Taken together, Zaanheh represents an urban contingency that was once lived but is now long forgotten. Illustrated with examples from seemingly discrete episodes about hydraulic infrastructures, my presentation juxtaposes Zaanheh and contemporary Shanghai, and examines the longue durée through which native ways of water stewardship in Zaanheh were challenged and ultimately conquered by European means of water management in Shanghai. In Zaanheh, generations of people pursued water as an integrated component of infrastructure, whereas in Shanghai, infrastructural projects were pursued to overcome and tame water. Clouded by racial and imperialist impulses, European settlers looked but could not see Zaanheh. They looked at a land with some of the most established systems of hydraulic infrastructures, but only saw uncharted territories. There, they saw fit to begin to transform a supposedly blank slate into the city of neon lights.

 

発表者プロフィール:

Annu JALAIS is an anthropologist working on the human / animal interface, on migration and Bengali identity and on environmental questions focusing particularly on Bangladesh and India. She is the author of Forest of Tigers: People, Politics and Environment in the Sundarbans (Routledge, 2010) and the co-author of The Bengal Diaspora: Rethinking Muslim Migration (Routledge, 2015) and is Assistant Professor at the South Asian Studies of the National University of Singapore.

Yifei LI is assistant Professor of Environmental Studies at NYU Shanghai, and Global Network Assistant Professor at NYU. Prior to joining NYU Shanghai, he taught sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research examines environmental governance in China, focusing on questions about bureaucracy, urban sustainability, and disaster resilience. His recent work has appeared in CUrrent Sociology, Environmental Sociology, Journal of Environmental management, and other scholarly outlets. He has received research support from the United States National Science Foundation, the University of Chicago Center in Beijing, the China Times Cultural Foundation, The Shanghai Municipal Government and other extramural sources.

※KINDAS特別研究班「南アジアにおける自然環境問題と政治過程」は、KINDASの2つの研究グループ(「南アジアの人口・資源・環境」(研究グループ1)と「南アジアにおける民主政治と国際関係」(研究グループ2))の成果をふまえつつ、双方にまたがるような課題をとりあげ、学際的視点から理解を深化させることを目的に設置されました。
この研究班では、人々と自然環境との相互作用のありようが急激に変わってきた植民地期以降の南アジア地域を主な対象に据え、自然資源の管理・開発・分配をめぐっていかなる交渉や政治過程が展開してきたのか、またその政治過程において異なる社会集団間、あるいは人―自然生態環境の間でいかなる新たな関係性が生じつつあるかといった問題について考察することを目的としています。

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