【KINDAS】2018年度 KINDAS特別講義 “Mother India and the Emergence of Feminism in India”
【場所】京都大学 吉田キャンパス本部構内 総合研究2号館4階 第1講義室（AA401）
【講師】Prof. Jyoti Atwal (Centre for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India)
【題目】Mother India and the Emergence of Feminism in India
Indian women’s movement had a beginning in education and social reform of 19th century. Anthropomorphic forms of Mother India had a tremendous influence on how women’s own modernising project was shaped. Reproductions, oleographs and calendars with representation of Mother India flooded the market from the beginning of the twentieth century.
I discuss the vicissitudes of feminism and nation making in the context of colonial India and freedom movement. I use 19th century images of Mother India (Bharat Mata); a 1927 book called Mother India by American journalist Katherine Mayo; and the post colonial image of Mother India in the form of cinematic representation.
Produced in 1957, Mother India was the first Indian (Hindi) film to be nominated for the Oscars in 1958. The film stands out as a powerful emotional drama. On the one hand, this film marked continuity with the Indian literature, painting, theatre and cinema of the colonial period; on the other, Mother India influenced the socio-cultural consciousness of a new Indian nation after 1947. Nehruvian and Gandhian ideologies formed sedimented layers in the form of national consciousness among Indian public.
Dr. Jyoti Atwal is currently Associate Professor, Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. She engages with issues pertaining to Indian women in the reformist, nationalist and contemporary perspectives; socio-cultural and religious aspects of women’s lives in colonial and post colonial India; autobiographies of women and narratives of the personal and the political domains; dalit (low caste) women’s history. Her field of research also includes Irish women’s history. She has recently published a book entitled Real and Imagined Widows: Gender Relations in Colonial North India (Delhi: Primus, 2016).