KINDAS Special Research Group International Seminar
“Conservation, Tourism and End of Pastoralism in Indian Himalaya?”
Speaker: Rashmi Singh
(Ph.D. scholar at the School of Human Ecology, Ambedkar University Delhi)
Date & Time: 2020/12/22 (Tue) 15:30-17:30
Venue: Online seminar using zoom meeting
*For participation, click the link below
State-led policies of pastoral removal from protected areas following the fortress model of biodiversity conservation has been a common practice across parts of Asia and Africa. In the Himalayan region of South Asia, policies of restrictive use and removal of pastoral communities from protected areas have been compensated by the state through ‘eco’-tourism. In this talk I critique this neoliberal model of conservation adapted in the Indian Himalaya. I build on a case of Khangchendzonga National Park (KNP) situated in Sikkim, Eastern Himalaya. With a focus on pastoral practices and the pastoralists, I argue that this model is neither an inclusive engine of development nor helps in conservation – instead it recreates a conservation landscape favouring the state’s interests, produces exclusions, and may also result in negative outcomes for both society and ecology. I further elaborate on the factors that resulted in failure of the conservation and development initiatives in KNP. The lessons from this study may help in designing effective future policy interventions in landscapes critical for both pastoral cultures as well as wildlife conservation