【日時】 2016年6月13日（月） 10:00～13:30
【場所】 京都大学本部構内 総合研究2号館4階 カンフェレンスルーム（AA463）
[Date] 13th June 2016, 10:00-13:30
[Venue] AA463 Conference Room (4th floor), Research Building No.2, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Yoshida Campus, Kyoto University
10.00 – 10.05 Welcome address by Prof. Akio Tanabe(The University of Tokyo)
10.05 – 10.25 : Sources of Influence on Campaign Engagement and Party Support in the 2014 Lok Sabha Election: Evidence from Delhi by Prof. Holli A. Semetko, Emory University, Atlanta
10.25 – 10.30 Comment by Dr. Toru Tak, Kyoto University
10.30 – 10.45: Q&A
10: 45 – 11.05: The Mediating Role of Emotions in India’s 2014 National Election Campaign
by Dr. Taberez A. Neyazi, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
11.05 – 11.10: Comment by Dr. Sae Nakamura, Kyoto University
11.10 – 11.25: Q&A
11.25 – 11.40: Break
11.40 – 12.00: Structural violence, indigenous resistance, and the Maoist context: Field notes from Jangalmahal by Prof. Mohan J. Dutta, National University of Singapore
12.00 – 12.05: Comment by Prof. Tatsuro Fujikura, Kyoto University
12.05 – 12.20: Q&A
12.20 – 12.40: India Unposed
Mr. Craig Semetko, Freelance photographer
12.40 – 13.00 : Q&A
13.00 – 13.30: General Discussion
Discussant: Prof. Kazuya Nakamizo, Kyoto University
Chair: Prof. Akio Tanabe, University of Tokyo
[Abstracts & Bios]
Sources of Influence on Campaign Engagement and Party Support in the 2014 Lok Sabha Election: Evidence from Delhi
Advances in social and digital media have transformed politics and election campaigning around the world. The massive supply and array of traditional and new media choices available present both challenges and opportunities for parties, candidates, media, and voters. The paper draws data from the India Election Studies (IES) launched in 2014, including a two-wave pre-post election panel in Delhi, to investigate sources of influence on campaign engagement and party support in the three-way races in Delhi, where the new Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) challenged the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the incumbent Indian National Congress Party (INC).
Holli A. Semetko, MSc PhD (The London School of Economics & Political Science) MBA (Emory), is Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Media and International Affairs and Professor of Political Science at Emory University in Atlanta, where she served as Vice Provost for International Affairs (VPIA) and Director of The Claus M. Halle Institute for Global Learning from 2003 to early 2013. With over 100 publications, her research on campaigns and influence in international contexts extends from the US, UK, Germany, Spain, Turkey and the European Union (EU), to India, China and South Korea. She was a 2013-14 Fulbright Nehru Scholar and Honorary Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-Bombay), and recently taught a graduate course on campaign research at IIT-Guwahati in Assam as part of the Government of India’s Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN).Dr. Semetko spent 8 years as Professor and Chair of Audience and Public Opinion Research at the University of Amsterdam where she obtained over 1.5 million euros in research grants, and served as founding board chair of the Amsterdam School of Communications Research (ASCoR) where she remains an honorary professor. She held fellowships from Harvard University’s Shorenstein Center for the Press, Politics and Public Policy, and the German Marshall Fund of the United States. An award-winning scholar, Dr. Semetko is an advisor to The Carter Center China Program, serves on a number of non-profit boards and consults internationally. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Emory’s Center for Ethics, and the Academy of International Business.
The Mediating Role of Emotions in India’s 2014 National Election Campaign
We test the mediation hypothesis that attention to political news in the press will have a significant effect on political participation in the campaign in the form of sharing information electronically and face-to-face with friends and family, and that this effect can in part be explained by emotions. Using a discrete emotions model and drawing on a two-wave pre- and post-election panel study in Delhi in 2014 (n=1,557), we identify significant indirect effects of several different emotions on participation when one was attentive to news. By controlling for demographics and participation and emotions at wave 1, our models assess change in these variables over the course of the campaign. In contrast to the extant research in Western contexts that, with few exceptions, finds fear to diminish political participation, our study shows that fear mobilized participation when one was attentive to political news. This finding is explained by the political parties’ rhetorical strategies in a highly charged campaign. This study provides important insights into the topic of the mediating role of emotions in a campaign context from a non-Western context.
Taberez Ahmed Neyazi is assistant professor of political communication at Jamia Millia Islamia, a central university in New Delhi. He serves as India’s Coordinator for “Media, Campaigns and Influence in Elections,” a collaborative project with colleagues at Emory University, Cleveland State University, and the National University of Singapore. His articles have appeared in several international journals. His recent coedited volume isDemocratic Transformation and the Vernacular Public Arena in India(Routledge: London, 2014), and he is currently writing Political Communication and Mobilization: The Power of Hindi Media.
Structural violence, indigenous resistance, and the Maoist context: Field notes from Jangalmahal
Structural violence is a persistent feature of the Jangalmahal area in the West Midnapur district of West Bengal, India. Structural violence manifests in inaccess to basic resources of livelihood such as access to food, access to health care services, and access to clean drinking water. The forces of structural violence are exacerbated by the atrocities in the hands of police. Amid these features of violence experienced by indigenous communities in Jangalmahal, in 2008, the state initiated a privatized steel plant operation on indigenous land. A convoy of then Chief Minister Mr. Buddhadev Bhattacharya came under a landmine attack, that was later claimed by the Communist Party of India (Maoist). The subsequent raids carried out by the police, including beatings, torture, false charges, and molestation of women served as the trigger for turning the ongoing sense of anger among indigenous community members into a collectively mobilized resistance that took the form of the Police Santras Birodhi Janaganer Committee (PSBJC), or People’s Committee Against Police Atrocities. In this paper, based on fieldwork conducted in the Jangalmahal region for 18 years, I will delineate the interplays of structural violence and indigenous resistance in the backdrop of what came to be later framed broadly as a Maoist uprising. I will specifically examine the symbolic disenfranchisement experienced by indigenous communities in Jangalmahal historically and more specifically in the 2006-2016 timeframe. A close reading of the symbolic disenfranchisement will offer the basis for studying the role of communication in the contexts of structural violence, indigenous resistance, and Maoism.
Mohan J Dutta is Courtesy Professor of Communication at Purdue University, and he is Professor and Head of the Department of Communications and New Media at the National University of Singapore. At NUS, he is the Founding Director of the Center for Culture-Centered Approach to Research and Evaluation (CARE), directing research on culturally-centered, community-based projects of social change. He teaches and conducts research in international health communication, critical cultural theory, poverty in healthcare, health activism in globalization politics, indigenous cosmologies of health, subaltern studies and dialogue, and public policy and social change. Currently, he serves as Editor of the “Global Health Communication Book Series” with Left Coast Press and sits on the editorial board of seven journals. Before arriving to NUS, he served as Associate Dean of Research in the College of Liberal Arts at Purdue University, a Service Learning Fellow, and a fellow of the Entrepreneurial Leadership Academy. Also at Purdue, he served as the Founding Director of the Center for Poverty and Health Inequities (COPHI).
A photographic presentation
Renowned photographer Craig Semetko will present photographs from his three months of traveling throughout India and tell the stories behind them. Often shot candidly and never staged, his photographs provide an authentic glimpse into the everyday lives of the people of India.
Craig Semetko spent much of his adult life as a professional comedy writer and performer before discovering photography as another means of storytelling. His comedic background has given him a highly developed sense of the absurd and ironic, resulting in a strong sense of humor throughout his work. His first book, UNPOSED, was published by teNeues in 2010 with a foreword by legendary Magnum Photos photographer Elliott Erwitt. Erwitt calls the book a “minor miracle” and writes of Semetko, “…he is the essential photographer. That is, he sees what others cannot see.”Craig Semetko was one of 10 photographers chosen worldwide by Leica Camera to be a part of its “10×10” exhibition celebrating 100 years of Leica photography. He spent three months in the fall of 2013 traveling throughout India for the project and the resulting work was displayed at the 2014 grand opening of Leitz Park, the new Leica headquarters in Wetzlar, Germany. His second book, the international award-winning INDIA UNPOSED was also born of this project, and was published in the spring of 2014. Craig Semetko has had numerous solo exhibitions worldwide and his prints hang in collections in the US, Europe, and Asia. A graduate of Northwestern University, he regularly teaches Leica Akademie Master Classes around the globe. He currently resides in Los Angeles.
This international workshop is organized by The Center for South Asian Studies at Kyoto University (KINDAS) as well as JSPS Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research projects “Can Democracy Solve Poverty and Inequality?: Comparative Study of Indian States” headed by Prof. Kazuya Nakamizo (Kyoto University) and “Reconstitution of Societies during Post-conflict Period: Cases from South Asia” headed by Prof. Tatsuro Fujikura (Kyoto University).
Toru Tak (taktoru[at]gmail.com