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【KINDAS】The 5th Seminar(Group1-C)

2015年7月24日 @ 3:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Date: July 24, 2015 (Fri.) 15:00-17:30
Venue: Tonan tei (Room No. 201), Inamori Foundation Memorial Building, Kyoto University


Speaker 1:UMETSU, Chieko(Faculty of Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University)
Title:Resilience of Tsunami Affected Households in the Coastal Region of Tamil Nadu, India


This study investigates impacts of the Indian Ocean tsunami on incomes and livelihoods of the affected farming households. Our objectives were to determine the extent of income shock, livelihood recovery, and recovery paths and to identify factors that enhance farmers’ resilience to the devastating impacts of the tsunami. We conducted three socio-economic surveys on a panel of 240 farming households in Tamil Nadu, India, and supplemented these with groundwater and soil chemistry tests to determine whether agricultural fields had recovered from the adverse changes brought on by the tsunami. We used a simple income growth model to test various hypotheses. Our results indicate that, on average, households lost as much as 30 percent of their income to the tsunami. Although the agricultural fields returned to their pre-shock ecological conditions in slightly over a year after the tsunami, the recovery of livelihoods lagged behind. Household incomes appear to have recovered in the following year thanks to relief funds provided by NGOs and governments and through the central government’s community employment program. However, it took three years for farm income to recover. Our evidence suggests a clear convergence of income, indicating that poorer households recovered at a faster speed than did the wealthier ones. Access to markets has played important roles in enhancing household resilience. We discuss policy implications for building social-ecological resilience in tsunami-prone areas.

Speaker 2:Rohan D’Souza(Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
Title:How Natural is a “Natural-Calamity”? Reconsidering the origins of Flood Control in Eastern India (1803-1946)


Natural disasters, as we increasingly learn, are not particularly natural. The “wrath of nature” is in fact a mediated phenomenon by being thickly inflected by the turn of history and shaped by political contexts. My presentation, will develop the above claim by exploring the emergence and origins of the idea of flood control in Eastern India (1803-1946). Flood control written up and discussed as an environmental history of colonialism in India reveals to us a different possibility for understanding technology, politics, power and the problems of deciding on the naturalness of nature. I argue that through the course of the nineteenth century in colonial Eastern Indian, flood control interventions, I argue, helped transform a flood dependent agrarian regime into a flood vulnerable landscape. In effect, flood control was a political project rooted in particular colonial calculations rather than based on neutral technical interventions.


3:00 PM - 5:30 PM


Tonan tei (Room No. 201), Inamori Foundation Memorial Building, Kyoto University