Title: Public Private Partnerships in School Education in the Global South: The Accountability Question
Speaker: Dr. Prashant Sharma, Visiting fellow at the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD), Geneva
Date: April 21st (Thursday), 2016, 15:00-17:00
Place: Room AA401, Research Bldg No.2, Yoshida Main Campus, Kyoto University http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/access/yoshida/main.html
PPPs in education (ePPPs) are on the rise. From the handing over of the staffing and management of state-run schools to private ‘partners’, to voucher-based public education systems, to charter schools and academies, an entire range of PPP arrangements are making their presence felt across the world. The debate on the role of PPPs in education appears to revolve around the twin issues of cost efficiencies and learning outcomes. Claims and counterclaims continue to be made on both these concerns, and the only consensus to emerge so far is that the evidence remains inconclusive. Consequently, there is an impasse in the debate, with the battle lines essentially being drawn along ideology rather than being based on any ‘objective’ criteria (which perhaps also points to the ‘limits’ of evidence-based policy research).
Given this stalemate, one way forward is to approach the issue through the accountability lens. While there is complete agreement that meaningful public accountability is central to the functioning of any education framework, how this can (or cannot) be achieved effectively in the realm of ePPPs remains unclear. The question is complicated further by empirical observations that indicate that public accountability in ePPPs could (in some cases at least) be better realised through informal mechanisms rather than formal, institutionalised tools. This talk will present the interim findings of an 18-month long research project that is investigating precisely this question: To what extent and in which forms can meaningful social accountability be realised in ePPPs?
About the Speaker:
Prashant Sharma holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and has carried extensive research on the Right to Information Act in India and beyond. Sharma is also a research associate at the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP), University of Lausanne, and has authored and edited many publications on transparency and government, including two books entitled Transparent Governance in South Asia (co-editor) and, most recently, Democracy and Transparency in the Indian State: The Making of the Right to Information Act. Sharma is currently investigating public–private partnerships in the BRICS countries with a focus on India to gauge the extent to which they are accountable to citizens.
【概要】公立の学校の経営を私企業に委託するePPP (Public and Private Partnership in education)は世界中で注目されているが、一方、コストや効果の問題も指摘されている。Sharma氏は、これらの議論はイデオロギー的であり、十分な調査に基づくものではない、と指摘した。そのうえで、事例を用いつつePPPの説明責任は行政が行うとは限らない、それぞれの地域に即したインフォーマルな形でも存在しうる、ということを示した。ePPPも、その説明責任も、政府か民間か、フォーマルかインフォーマルかといった二元的な考え方では理解できない。ほとんどのePPPは、二元的な考え方のはざまで起きているのだ、というのがSharma氏の主張であった。討論においては、これに基づき、ePPPと法制度と規制とのかかわりや、実際に村落部や貧困層に対して効果を発揮しえるのか、教育は人権か否か、といった点についての議論が交わされた。