2017年度 第4回KINDAS国際セミナー “Foreign Aid Competition between Japan and South Korea in South Asia”
【場所】京都大学吉田キャンパス本部構内 総合研究2号館4階 カンフェレンスルーム（AA463）
【発表者】Dr. Sojin Shin (Visiting Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore)
【題目】Foreign Aid Competition between Japan and South Korea in South Asia
What motivates the substantial increase in foreign aid from Japan and South Korea to South Asia? The seminar explores the evolution of foreign aid policy-making in Japan and South Korea to the region with a comparative perspective. Japan began sending official development assistance (ODA) to South Asia as early as 1958 and has become the superpower of aid in the region. Meanwhile, South Korea has increased the volume of ODA to the region since 1988 as a rising aid power. However, the goals of aid policy in two donor states differ considerably. Japan has expanded economic diplomacy by capitalizing on the policy of development cooperation to the region and recently stretched it out to the security building cooperation with aid recipients in South Asia, especially with India. On the contrary, South Korea has sent the higher ratio of aid to human development sectors in South Asia’s aid recipients. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka are beneficiaries in this regard. By comparing the foreign aid policy-making process in Japan and South Korea, the seminar attempts to argue that the idea of policymakers has shaped and shifted the aid policy differently, influenced by both endogenous and exogenous factors, in the two states over time.
Dr. Sojin Shin is Visiting Research Fellow in the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore (NUS). She is a political scientist working on the political economy of development in South Asia and East Asia. She is currently working on a book manuscript, State, Society, and Foreign Capital in India, under contract with Cambridge University Press. Her studies have been published in various academic journals and magazines such as Economic and Political Weekly, Oxford Bibliographies and Political Studies Review, among others. Dr. Shin holds a PhD in South Asian Studies from NUS, an MPhil in Political Science from University of Delhi (New Delhi, India), and an MA and BA in Political Science & International Relations from Ewha Womans University (Seoul, South Korea).