科研費（「インドにおける近代的宗教表現の展開とその影響」）＆ MINDAS共催 国際セミナー
A.Raghuramaraju (Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Hyderabad)
“From Noviolence to Non-Violence: India’s appropriate answer to unique question set by British Colonialism”
M. K. Gandhi made the relation between politics and violence contingent. He claimed that the purpose of politics, which is bring people together cannot be accomplished by violence but by non-violence. This claim had a few takers. Notwithstanding this, Gandhi sought to use this formula in his project of fighting against the British in the Indian national movement and succeeded. This, however, is contested by some like Judith Brown who seeks to underplay the role of non-violence in bringing out freedom from the British by Indians. I will contest this by introducing a distinction between exiting British and receiving India from them. Conceding the claim of Brown that non-violence played no role in exiting the British, I want to assign the role to it in receiving India from them after they left. Further, Gandhi idea of non-violence is not an abstract value but an appropriate answer to a unique question regarding the entry of British into India. The uniqueness lies in the fact that British did not enter into India using violence so exiting them using violence would not be appropriate and Gandhi found in non-violence an appropriate answer to their entry that was without violence.