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【KINDAS group1-C】「南アジアの資源・環境問題」第5回研究会

2015年7月24日 @ 3:00 PM - 5:30 PM

【日時】2015年7月24日(金)15:00-17:30

【場所】東南アジア研究所・稲盛財団記念館2階201号室(東南亭)

【発表者1】 梅津千恵子(長崎大学環境科学部)

【タイトル】 Resilience of Tsunami Affected Households in the Coastal Region of Tamil Nadu, India

【概要】This study investigates impacts of the Indian Ocean tsunami on incomes and livelihoods of the affected farming households. Our objectives were to determine the extent of income shock, livelihood recovery, and recovery paths and to identify factors that enhance farmers’ resilience to the devastating impacts of the tsunami. We conducted three socio-economic surveys on a panel of 240 farming households in Tamil Nadu, India, and supplemented these with groundwater and soil chemistry tests to determine whether agricultural fields had recovered from the adverse changes brought on by the tsunami. We used a simple income growth model to test various hypotheses. Our results indicate that, on average, households lost as much as 30 percent of their income to the tsunami. Although the agriculturalfields returned to their pre-shock ecological conditions in slightly over a year after the tsunami, the recovery of livelihoods lagged behind. Household incomes appear to have recovered in the following year thanks to relief funds provided by NGOs and governments and through the central government’s community employment program. However, it took three years for farm income to recover. Our evidence suggests a clear convergence of income, indicating that poorer households recovered at a faster speed than did the wealthier ones. Access to markets has played important roles in enhancing household resilience. We discuss policy implications for building social-ecological resilience in tsunami-prone areas.

【発表者2】 Rohan D’Souza(京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科)

【タイトル】 How Natural is a “Natural-Calamity”? Reconsidering the origins of Flood Control in Eastern India (1803-1946)

【概要】Natural disasters, as we increasingly learn, are not particularly natural. The “wrath of nature” is in fact a mediated phenomenon by being thickly inflected by the turn of history and shaped by political contexts. My presentation, will develop the above claim by exploring the emergence and origins of the idea of  flood control in Eastern India (1803-1946). Flood control written up and discussed as an environmental history of colonialism in India reveals to us a different possibility for understanding technology, politics, power and the problems of deciding on the naturalness of nature. I argue that through the course of the nineteenth century in colonial Eastern Indian, flood control interventions, I argue, helped transform a flood dependent agrarian regime into a flood vulnerable landscape. In effect, flood control was a political project rooted in particular colonial calculations rather than based on neutral technical interventions.

【連絡・問合せ先】 佐藤孝宏(t.sato@asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp)

【概要】概要:梅津氏は、2004年に発生したスマトラ島沖地震による津波が農村経済に与えた影響について、タミル・ナードゥ州での調査結果をもとに報告した。津波直後の2005/06年には農業生産額が6割減少し、津波前の水準に回復するまで3年を要したこと、農家世帯が離農して農業労働に従事する事例が多くみられたこと、災害補助金の獲得や金融、労働市場へのアクセスが収入回復に大きく影響していたこと、などが報告された。デスーザ氏は、オディシャー州ハイラカッドダムの建設に至るまでの歴史の中で、マハナディ川による洪水が統治者によってどのようにとらえられてきたかについて述べた。その後の討論では、人と自然の関わりのあり方や、長期的視点と短期的視点を組み合わせた持続可能な発展のあり方など、幅広い視点からの議論が展開された。

詳細

日付:
2015年7月24日
時間:
3:00 PM - 5:30 PM
イベントカテゴリー:

会場

東南アジア研究所・稲盛財団記念館2階201号室(東南亭)