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【KINDAS】The 5th Seminar(Group1-C)

2015年7月24日 @ 3:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Date: July 24, 2015 (Fri.) 15:00-17:30
Venue: Tonan tei (Room No. 201), Inamori Foundation Memorial Building, Kyoto University

Speaker 1:UMETSU, Chieko(Faculty of Environmental Studies, Nagasaki University)
Title:Resilience of Tsunami Affected Households in the Coastal Region of Tamil Nadu, India

This study investigates impacts of the Indian Ocean
tsunami on incomes and livelihoods of the affected farming
households. Our objectives were to determine the extent of
income shock, livelihood recovery, and recovery paths and to
identify factors that enhance farmers’ resilience to the devastating
impacts of the tsunami. We conducted three socio-economic
surveys on a panel of 240 farming households in Tamil Nadu,
India, and supplemented these with groundwater and soil
chemistry tests to determine whether agricultural fields had
recovered from the adverse changes brought on by the tsunami.
We used a simple income growth model to test various hypotheses.
Our results indicate that, on average, households lost as much as
30 percent of their income to the tsunami. Although the agricultural
fields returned to their pre-shock ecological conditions in slightly
over a year after the tsunami, the recovery of livelihoods lagged
behind. Household incomes appear to have recovered in the
following year thanks to relief funds provided by NGOs and
governments and through the central government’s community
employment program. However, it took three years for farm income
to recover. Our evidence suggests a clear convergence of income,
indicating that poorer households recovered at a faster speed than
did the wealthier ones. Access to markets has played important
roles in enhancing household resilience. We discuss policy
implications for building social-ecological resilience in tsunami-prone

Speaker 2:Rohan D’Souza(Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University)
Title:How Natural is a “Natural-Calamity”? Reconsidering the origins of Flood Control in Eastern India (1803-1946)

Natural disasters, as we increasingly learn, are not
particularly natural. The “wrath of nature” is in fact a mediated
phenomenon by being thickly inflected by the turn of history and
shaped by political contexts. My presentation, will develop the above
claim by exploring the emergence and origins of the idea of flood
control in Eastern India (1803-1946). Flood control written up
and discussed as an environmental history of colonialism in India
reveals to us a different possibility for understanding technology,
politics, power and the problems of deciding on the naturalness
of nature. I argue that through the course of the nineteenth century
in colonial Eastern Indian, flood control interventions, I argue, helped
transform a flood dependent agrarian regime into a flood vulnerable
landscape. In effect, flood control was a political project rooted in
particular colonial calculations rather than based on neutral
technical interventions.


3:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Event Category:


Tonan tei (Room No. 201), Inamori Foundation Memorial Building, Kyoto University