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【KINDAS 】南アジア・インド洋世界研究会/KINDAS 国際セミナー

2014年7月30日 @ 1:00 PM - 5:00 PM

【日 時】2014年7月30日(水)13:00~15:00

【場 所】
京都大学、吉田キャンパス、研究棟2号館、AA401
http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/access/campus/map6r_y.htm(34)

【プログラム】

Speakers: Dr. Christie Lai Ming LAM, Osaka University

Dr. Saumik Paul, University of Nottingham

Title: The Long-term Effect of Conservation-led Displacement in Nepal:
An Anthronomics Approach

Contact: Tatsuro Fujikura, Department of South Asia and Indian Ocean
Studies, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto
University

fujikuraATasafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Abstract:
The Long-term Effect of Conservation-led Displacement in Nepal: An
Anthronomics Approach

In recent years disputes over the displacement of marginalized
population for the purpose of conservation has created widespread
social and political debates. Literature shows that indigenous
communities worldwide have been increasingly impoverished due to the
loss of access to forest resources and changes in landownership. Can
these displaced communities move out from the poverty cycle? What are
the key factors affect the current welfare status of displaced
communities? How can social scientists capture the dynamic changes
among the displaced communities from the holistic perspective?

The seminar aims to address above questions by sharing our recent
study which uses a mixed method, combining tools from anthropology and
economics, to understand the long-term effects of the extension of the
Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve on Rana Tharus community in Kanchanpur,
Nepal. It also builds on a novel panel data set. The first round,
which was an 18-month long anthropological survey of the indigenous
displaced Rana Tharus community administered between 2004 and 2006,
documented that the conservation-led displacement made the Rana Tharus
community vulnerable to further impoverishment through the following
channels: (a) inadequate land-based compensation policy, (b) depletion
of social safety nets, and (c) deterioration of the traditional
patron-client system. We conducted a second round of survey in 2013
almost nine years after the first round revisiting a majority of the
Rana households who participated in the first round. The long-run
(2000-2013) effects using the longitudinal data show prevalence of
different coping strategies between the displaced and the
non-displaced households. Displaced households experienced livelihood
changes from agricultural work to services at a large number and
almost one-third of them became dependent on remittances due to
emigration of male household members abroad.

To sum up, while displaced households suffered from poor land
productivity and food insecurity in the first five years since
displacement, they appear to be better off today, a decade since
displacement, compared to non-displaced households. However, this has
come at the expense of loosening social ties, more livelihood options
and most importantly an overall deterioration in the socio-cultural
well-being. The mixed methodology helped us understand the causal
links between conservation-led displacement and coping mechanisms over
time. It also provided us with a deeper knowledge of contexts
especially on the social fabrication of the Rana Tharus community.

 

【発表概要】

本発表は、西ネパールの国立公園の拡大に伴って移住することになったラナ・タルーの人々と、移住せずその地に留まったラナ・タルーに関する調査・分析に人類学の手法と経済学の手法を組み合わせた研究結果の発表である。移住者の置かれた短期的(5年)・長期的(10年)動向を分析した本研究発表は、短期的には移住者が貧困に襲われた一方で、長期的に見た場合、社会的な繋がりが希薄になった一方、サービス産業への進出や海外への出稼ぎなどの選択肢を獲得し、平均して非移住のラナ・タルーより豊かになっていることが示された。討論においては、調査における用語の問題やNGOの介入の有無、土地を追われた人々による他民族をまたいだ運動の有無などが議論された。

詳細

日付:
2014年7月30日
時間:
1:00 PM - 5:00 PM
イベントカテゴリー:

会場

京都大学、吉田キャンパス、研究棟2号館、AA401